Different effects of bisphosphonate and estrogen therapy on free and peptide-bound bone cross-links excretion

J Bone Miner Res. 1995 Apr;10(4):641-9. doi: 10.1002/jbmr.5650100418.


We have measured the free and peptide-bound type I collagen cross-link excretions in normal women and in patients with metabolic bone disease using the HPLC technique and immunoassays recognizing specifically the free or peptide-bound forms of pyridinoline (Pyr). After menopause, free deoxypyridinoline (free D-Pyr) excretion measured by HPLC without urine hydrolysis and expressed as a fraction of the total excretion was lower than in premenopausal women (45 +/- 15% vs. 59 +/- 12%, p < 0.005), whereas the fraction of free Pyr was not changed. In normal pre- and postmenopausal women (n = 43), the fraction of free D-Pyr was negatively correlated with bone turnover rate as assessed by the total urinary excretion of Pyr (r = -0.64, p < 0.001). In patients with a variety of metabolic bone diseases characterized by increased bone turnover (osteoporosis, Paget's disease, and hyperthyroidism), the fractions of free Pyr and free D-Pyr were significantly lower than in premenopausal controls (p < 0.001 for all diseases). After 3 days of intravenous (iv) treatment with the bisphosphonate pamidronate in patients with Paget's disease and osteoporosis, the urinary excretion of cross-linked peptides measured by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) or enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA) (NTX and CrossLaps) was markedly decreased (-52% and -85% for NTX, -71% and -93% for CrossLaps in Paget's disease and osteoporosis, respectively).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Amino Acids / urine
  • Bone Development / drug effects
  • Chemical Fractionation
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Diphosphonates / administration & dosage
  • Diphosphonates / pharmacology*
  • Diphosphonates / therapeutic use
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Estrogen Replacement Therapy*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hydrolysis
  • Hyperthyroidism / drug therapy
  • Hyperthyroidism / metabolism*
  • Hyperthyroidism / physiopathology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Osteitis Deformans / drug therapy
  • Osteitis Deformans / metabolism*
  • Osteitis Deformans / physiopathology
  • Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal / drug therapy
  • Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal / metabolism*
  • Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal / physiopathology
  • Pamidronate
  • Postmenopause
  • Premenopause


  • Amino Acids
  • Diphosphonates
  • pyridinoline
  • deoxypyridinoline
  • Pamidronate