Because the arterial switch operation has become the routine surgical approach for transposition of the great arteries, there is increasing awareness of adverse sequelae in some survivors. For the arterial switch to be considered the procedure of choice for transposition of the great arteries, long-term patency and normal function of the translocated coronary arteries must be achieved. We reviewed the cineangiograms and hemodynamic data in 366 patients who underwent postoperative catheterization after arterial switch operation. Of these, 13 patients (3%) had previously unsuspected coronary abnormalities diagnosed angiographically. No patient had noninvasive evidence of resting systolic dysfunction. Findings included left main coronary artery stenosis (n = 3) or occlusion (n = 2), anterior descending coronary artery stenosis (n = 1) or occlusion (n = 2), right coronary artery stenosis (n = 1) or occlusion (n = 1), and small coronary artery fistulas (n = 3). One patient died suddenly 3.3 years after surgery, 1 patient is lost to follow-up, and the remaining 10 patients are alive and asymptomatic up to 11 years after surgery.