The role of cytokines in gram-positive bacterial shock

Trends Microbiol. 1995 Apr;3(4):136-40. doi: 10.1016/s0966-842x(00)88902-7.


In Gram-positive bacterial shock, little is known about the sequence of events that controls the signalling of monocytes and macrophages that leads to the release of cytokines. Cell-wall components, such as peptidoglycan and teichoic acid, are clearly important in the activation of these cells, but exotoxins may also be involved.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cytokines / immunology*
  • Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections / immunology*
  • Humans
  • Shock, Septic / immunology*


  • Cytokines