Prospective audit of perforation rates following upper gastrointestinal endoscopy in two regions of England

Br J Surg. 1995 Apr;82(4):530-3. doi: 10.1002/bjs.1800820430.


After cardiopulmonary complications, perforation is the second most important cause of complications following flexible upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. A recent audit of 14,149 procedures detected a perforation rate of 0.05 per cent (overall mortality rate 0.008 per cent) during diagnostic endoscopy, and a perforation rate of 2.6 per cent (overall mortality rate 1.0 per cent) following oesophageal intubation or dilatation. The incidence of perforation following both diagnostic and therapeutic upper gastrointestinal endoscopy has not changed over the past 10 years. The risk factors are numerous but this audit demonstrated that inexperience increases the likelihood of perforation.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal / adverse effects*
  • England / epidemiology
  • Esophageal Perforation / epidemiology
  • Esophageal Perforation / etiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Intestinal Perforation / epidemiology
  • Intestinal Perforation / etiology*
  • Male
  • Medical Audit
  • Prospective Studies
  • Risk Factors