Planned reoperation for severe trauma

Ann Surg. 1995 Jul;222(1):3-8. doi: 10.1097/00000658-199507000-00002.


Objective: The authors review the physiologic basis, indications, techniques, and results of the planned reoperation approach to severe trauma.

Summary background data: Multivisceral trauma and exsanguinating hemorrhage lead to hypothermia, coagulopathy, and acidosis. Formal resections and reconstructions in these unstable patients often result in irreversible physiologic insult. A new surgical strategy addresses these physiologic concerns by staged control and repair of the injuries.

Method: The authors review the literature.

Results: Indications for planned reoperation include avoidance of irreversible physiologic insult and inability to obtain direct hemostasis or formal abdominal closure. The three phases of the strategy include initial control, stabilization, and delayed reconstruction. Various techniques are used to obtain rapid temporary control of bleeding and hollow visceral spillage. Hypothermia, coagulopathy, and the abdominal compartment syndrome are major postoperative concerns. Definitive repair of the injuries is undertaken after stabilization.

Conclusion: Planned reoperation offers a simple and effective alternative to the traditional surgical management of complex or multiple injuries in critically wounded patients.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Abdominal Injuries / complications
  • Abdominal Injuries / physiopathology
  • Abdominal Injuries / surgery
  • Hemorrhage / etiology
  • Hemorrhage / prevention & control
  • Humans
  • Multiple Trauma / complications
  • Multiple Trauma / physiopathology
  • Multiple Trauma / surgery*
  • Patient Selection
  • Postoperative Care
  • Reoperation
  • Surgical Procedures, Operative / methods