Reactions of glutamate semialdehyde aminotransferase (glutamate-1-semialdehyde 2,1 aminomutase) with vinyl and acetylenic substrate analogues analysed by rapid scanning spectrophotometry

Biochem J. 1995 Jul 1;309 ( Pt 1)(Pt 1):307-13. doi: 10.1042/bj3090307.

Abstract

The reactions occurring when glutamate-1-semialdehyde amino-transferase (glutamate-1-semialdehyde 2,1 aminomutase, EC 5.4.3.8) was treated with two potential mechanism-based inactivators, namely 4-aminohex-5-enoate and 4-aminohex-5-ynoate, have been investigated by monitoring rapid transient changes in the absorption spectrum of the enzyme's prosthetic group, pyridoxal 5'-phosphate. In both cases a short-lived chromophore absorbing maximally at about 500 nm was formed in a few milliseconds. In the case of the vinyl analogue (4-aminohex-5-enoate) this chromophore, considered to be a quinonoid intermediate, converted rapidly into the pyridoxamine phosphate form of the co-enzyme in a single turnover which was accompanied by negligible inactivation. However, slow inactivation of the enzyme by this compound was observed when the enzyme was made to undergo multiple turnovers by including the efficient aldehyde substrate, succinic semialdehyde. The acetylenic compound, aminohexynoate, produced more complex spectral changes with the consecutive formation of compounds absorbing maximally at 496 nm, 450 nm, 564 nm and 330 nm. The enzyme was 90% inactivated by aminohexynoate within 10 s and thereafter lost no further activity unless aldehyde substrate was added. Mechanisms and kinetic constants consistent with the observations are proposed for each compound. The observation that the acetylenic compound is a much more potent inactivator than its vinyl analogue is attributed to the occurrence of a conjugated allene as intermediate.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acetylene / analogs & derivatives
  • Acetylene / metabolism*
  • Alkynes
  • Amino Acids, Diamino / metabolism*
  • Aminocaproates / metabolism*
  • Intramolecular Transferases*
  • Isomerases / metabolism*
  • Kinetics
  • Molecular Structure
  • Pisum sativum / enzymology
  • Spectrum Analysis / methods
  • Substrate Specificity
  • Vigabatrin
  • gamma-Aminobutyric Acid / analogs & derivatives*
  • gamma-Aminobutyric Acid / metabolism

Substances

  • Alkynes
  • Amino Acids, Diamino
  • Aminocaproates
  • gamma-Aminobutyric Acid
  • 4-amino-5-hexynoic acid
  • 4,5-diaminopentanoic acid
  • Isomerases
  • Intramolecular Transferases
  • glutamate-1-semialdehyde 2,1-aminomutase
  • Vigabatrin
  • Acetylene