Effects of angiotensin receptor antagonist and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor on insulin sensitivity in fructose-fed hypertensive rats and essential hypertensives

Am J Hypertens. 1995 Apr;8(4 Pt 1):353-7. doi: 10.1016/0895-7061(94)00245-7.

Abstract

This study was designed to investigate the effects of angiotensin II (AII) receptor antagonist and angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor on insulin resistance, and the mechanism by which ACE inhibitor improves insulin-dependent glucose uptake (insulin sensitivity) in an insulin-resistant hypertensive rat model (fructose-fed rats, FFR) and in essential hypertensives (EHT). Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed on fructose-rich or standard chow for 4 weeks and treated either with 10 mg/kg/day of delapril (n = 8), 1 mg/kg/day of TCV-116 (AII receptor antagonist; n = 13), or vehicle (n = 9) for the latter 2 weeks. Steady-state plasma glucose (SSPG) was measured with the subjects in the conscious state; simultaneously, we infused insulin (2.5 mU/kg/min) and glucose (8 mg/kg/min) to determine insulin sensitivity in each group. Thirteen EHT were hospitalized and the 2-h euglycemic hyperinsulinemic glucose clamp (GC) method was performed in a fasting condition before and after 2 weeks' administration of TCV-116 (8 mg/day) in 7 EHT and of delapril (120 mg/day) in 6 EHT. Insulin sensitivity was evaluated as M-value calculated from the infusion rate of glucose. Mean blood pressure (MBP) was higher in FFR (137.7 +/- 73.8 mm Hg, P < .05) compared to controls (120.8 +/- 2.7 mm Hg), and was lower in both the delapril (108.1 +/- 6.3 mm Hg, P < .05) and TCV-116 (112.8 +/- 4.3 mm Hg, P < .05) groups than in FFR.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Angiotensin II / metabolism*
  • Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists*
  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors / therapeutic use*
  • Animals
  • Antihypertensive Agents / therapeutic use
  • Benzimidazoles / therapeutic use
  • Biphenyl Compounds / therapeutic use
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism
  • Blood Pressure / drug effects
  • Diet
  • Fructose / pharmacology*
  • Glucose Clamp Technique
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / drug therapy*
  • Hypertension / physiopathology
  • Indans / therapeutic use
  • Insulin Resistance / physiology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Tetrazoles*

Substances

  • Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists
  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Antihypertensive Agents
  • Benzimidazoles
  • Biphenyl Compounds
  • Blood Glucose
  • Indans
  • Tetrazoles
  • Angiotensin II
  • Fructose
  • candesartan cilexetil
  • delapril