Isolation of proteoglycan-hyaluronate complexes from bovine aorta

J Biol Chem. 1979 Mar 10;254(5):1621-6.


Two proteoglycan-hyaluronate complexes were extracted from bovine aorta with 4.0 M guanidinium chloride in the presence of protease inhibitors and purified by cesium chloride density gradient centrifugation under associative conditions. Complex I with higher buoyant density had 22% protein and 18% uronate, whereas Complex II had 11% protein and 23.6% uronate. Glycosaminoglycan (GAG) analysis of the complexes indicated that both complexes contained large amounts of hyaluronic acid, 13.6% and 24.0% of the total GAG in Complexes I and II, respectively. Chondroitin sulfates and dermatan sulfate constituted the remainder of the GAG. Chromatography on Sepharose CL 6B suggested that Complex I had an estimated molecular weight of 800,000 and Complex II, 250,000. The complexes were dissociated into proteoglycan and hyaluronate by cesium chloride density gradient centrifugation under dissociative conditions. The proteoglycans free of hyaluronic obtained from the complexes had similar protein and GAG composition. The molecular weight of the proteoglycan was estimated to be 80,000 and that of the hyaluronate of the complex, 90,000.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Aorta / analysis*
  • Carbohydrates / analysis
  • Cattle
  • Glycosaminoglycans / analysis
  • Hyaluronic Acid / isolation & purification*
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Molecular Weight
  • Proteoglycans / isolation & purification*


  • Carbohydrates
  • Glycosaminoglycans
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Proteoglycans
  • Hyaluronic Acid