Antibodies of the IgM class and IgG2 and IgA2 subclasses are prominent in responses to pneumococcal polysaccharides (PPS) but may be decreased in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients, among whom invasive pneumococcal disease is common. After immunization of HIV-infected and -seronegative subjects with pneumococcal vaccine, the number of PPS-specific antibody-secreting cells (ASC) producing IgM was significantly lower among HIV-infected subjects, whereas PPS-specific IgG and IgA ASC were more comparable. The subclass distribution of PPS-specific IgG2-producing (approximately 80%) and IgA2-producing (approximately 50%) ASC and antibodies in serum were similar. However, before immunization, the proportions of PPS-specific IgG2 for both serotypes 8 and 14 in baseline sera from HIV-infected patients were significantly decreased compared with controls. Thus, the response to PPS among HIV-infected patients may be characterized by lower levels of specific IgG2 before immunization and prominent defects in IgM responses soon after stimulation.