Safety and tolerability of CI-979 in patients with Alzheimer's disease

Life Sci. 1995;57(5):503-10. doi: 10.1016/0024-3205(95)00283-c.


CI-979 ((E)-1,2,5,6-tetrahydro-1-methyl-3-pyridinecarboxaldehyde, O-methyloxime monohydrochloride), a novel muscarinic agonist, is being investigated as a potential treatment for Alzheimer's disease (AD). The objective of the present study was to determine the safety and tolerance of multiple, rising, oral doses of CI-979 in patients with AD. Ten male patients aged 59 to 74 years (mean 65 years) who met NINCDS criteria for AD were randomized to receive either CI-979 (eight patients) or placebo (two patients) according to a double-blind, parallel-group, rising-dose design. Doses were 0.5-mg q6h, 1-mg q12h, 1-mg q6h, 2-mg q12h, 2-mg q6h, 2.5-mg q6h, and 3-mg q6h. All doses were to be administered sequentially for 3 days each with the exception of the 2.5-mg q6h dose, which was to be administered for 1.5 days. Five patients receiving CI-979 discontinued study medication because of adverse events; two after receiving 2-mg q6h (10 doses), two after 2.5-mg q6h (5 doses), and one after 3-mg q6h (4 doses). The study was terminated following administration of the fourth 3-mg dose due to the nature and intensity of adverse events. Cholinergic symptoms including diaphoresis, hypersalivation, nausea, diarrhea, hypotension, chills, headache, flatulence, and urinary frequency and signs suggestive of parkinsonism (cogwheeling, tremor, pillrolling, posturing, and shuffling gait) were dose-limiting. The frequency and intensity of adverse events increased with increasing CI-979 dose. No other clinically significant CI-979-related changes occurred in physical examinations, clinical laboratory measurements, electrocardiograms, or ophthalmologic examinations. Steady-state trough plasma CI-979 concentrations increased in proportion to dose. In summary, CI-979 doses of 1-mg q6h were well tolerated by all patients; 2-mg q6h was tolerated by most patients, and 2.5-mg and 3-mg doses were poorly tolerated, Dose titration to a maximum of 2-mg q6h will therefore be used in initial efficacy trials of CI-979 in patients with AD.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Alzheimer Disease / drug therapy*
  • Dihydropyridines / adverse effects
  • Dihydropyridines / therapeutic use*
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Oximes / adverse effects
  • Oximes / therapeutic use*
  • Placebos
  • Psychotropic Drugs / therapeutic use*


  • Dihydropyridines
  • Oximes
  • Placebos
  • Psychotropic Drugs
  • milameline