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, 15 (6), 1049-53

Protein Kinase-Dependent HPr/CcpA Interaction Links Glycolytic Activity to Carbon Catabolite Repression in Gram-Positive Bacteria

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Protein Kinase-Dependent HPr/CcpA Interaction Links Glycolytic Activity to Carbon Catabolite Repression in Gram-Positive Bacteria

J Deutscher et al. Mol Microbiol.

Abstract

CcpA, the repressor/activator mediating carbon catabolite repression and glucose activation in many Gram-positive bacteria, has been purified from Bacillus megaterium after fusing it to a His tag. CcpA-his immobilized on a Ni-NTA resin specifically interacted with HPr phosphorylated at seryl residue 46. HPr, a phospho-carrier protein of the phosphoenolpyruvate: glycose phosphotransferase system (PTS), can be phosphorylated at two different sites: (i) at His-15 in a PEP-dependent reaction catalysed by enzyme I of the PTS; and (ii) at Ser-46 in an ATP-dependent reaction catalysed by a metabolite-activated protein kinase. Neither unphosphorylated HPr nor HPr phosphorylated at His-15 nor the doubly phosphorylated HPr bound to CcpA. The interaction with seryl-phosphorylated HPr required the presence of fructose 1,6-bisphosphate. These findings suggest that carbon catabolite repression in Gram-positive bacteria is a protein kinase-triggered mechanism. Glycolytic intermediates, stimulating the corresponding protein kinase and the P-ser-HPr/CcpA complex formation, provide a link between glycolytic activity and carbon catabolite repression. The sensitivity of this complex formation to phosphorylation of HPr at His-15 also suggests a link between carbon catabolite repression and PTS transport activity.

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