The hrp gene locus of Pseudomonas solanacearum, which controls the production of a type III secretion system, encodes eight proteins related to components of the bacterial flagellar biogenesis complex

Mol Microbiol. 1995 Mar;15(6):1095-114. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2958.1995.tb02284.x.


Five transcription units of the Pseudomonas solanacearum hrp gene cluster are required for the secretion of the HR-inducing PopA1 protein. The nucleotide sequences of two of these, units 1 and 3, have been reported. Here, we present the nucleotide sequence of the three other transcription units, units 2, 4 and 7, which are together predicted to code for 15 hrp genes. This brings the total number of Hrp proteins encoded by these five transcription units to 20, including HrpB, the positive regulatory protein, and HpaP, which is apparently not required for plant interactions. Among the 18 other proteins, eight belong to protein families regrouping proteins involved in type III secretion pathways in animal and plant bacterial pathogens and in flagellum biogenesis, while two are related solely to proteins involved in secretion systems. For the various proteins found to be related to P. solanacearum Hrp proteins, those in plant-pathogenic bacteria include proteins encoded by hrp genes. For Hrp-related proteins of animal pathogens, those encoded by the spa and mxi genes of Shigella flexneri and of Salmonella typhimurium and by the ysc genes of Yersinia are involved in type III secretion pathways. Proteins involved in flagellum biogenesis, which are related to Hrp proteins of P. solancearum, include proteins encoded by fli and flh genes of S. typhimurium, Bacillus subtilis and Escherichia coli and by mop genes of Erwinia carotovora. P. solanacearum Hrp proteins were also found to be related to proteins of Rhizobium fredii involved in nodulation specificity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Bacterial Proteins / genetics*
  • Bacterial Proteins / metabolism
  • Bacterial Proteins / physiology
  • Base Sequence
  • DNA-Binding Proteins*
  • Flagella / genetics
  • Genes, Bacterial / genetics
  • Genetic Complementation Test
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Multigene Family / genetics*
  • Open Reading Frames / genetics
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic / genetics
  • Pseudomonas / genetics*
  • Pseudomonas / pathogenicity
  • Repressor Proteins / physiology
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Transcription Factors*
  • Transcription, Genetic*


  • Bacterial Proteins
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • PopA1 protein, Ralstonia solanacearum
  • Repressor Proteins
  • Transcription Factors
  • hrpB protein, Ralstonia solanacearum

Associated data

  • GENBANK/M98855
  • GENBANK/X74121
  • GENBANK/Z14056