Little is known about the audit activity taking place among general practitioners as part of their vocational training. All 155 trainers and their trainees in the West of Scotland were asked about their attitudes to and their experiences of audit. Two hundred and thirty-five replies were received from 310 questionnaires sent, giving an 85% response from trainers and 67% from trainees. Both trainers and trainees had positive attitudes to audit with regard to its use: for assessing work (87% of trainers, 97% trainees); as an appropriate use of resources (92% of trainers, 78% of trainees); as an appropriate use of time (91% trainers, 76% trainees); in improving patient care (96% of trainers, 76% of trainees). Most trainers (90%) and 52% of trainees had started collecting data with a view to starting an audit, 56% of trainers and 23% of trainees had personally set a standard and 54% of trainers but only 12% of trainees had completed a cycle of audit. Despite very positive attitudes to audit there is a problem completing a cycle of audit, particularly among trainees. They will thus be denied the benefit of negotiating and evaluating change as part of their training, skills which will be necessary to ensure a lifelong awareness of the quality of care they are providing.