Causality, linearity, and circularity of relations between stressful life events and pain experience

Percept Mot Skills. 1995 Feb;80(1):85-6. doi: 10.2466/pms.1995.80.1.85.


The aim of this paper is to point out a methodological problem found in the 1994 Naidoo and Pillay study on pain experience. The problem is that an equivocal interpretation of cause-and-effect relationships among variables can lead to testing of mistaken hypotheses in later researches.

MeSH terms

  • Causality*
  • Humans
  • Life Change Events*
  • Pain*