We report a case of non-familial hyperekplexia which characteristically developed apnea and feeding difficulties in the neonatal period. The abnormal startle response was evident from the second week of life onwards. The infant showed a marked improvement of the startle response and muscle hypertonia with clonazepam. Clobazam was also tried with no apparent response. A prominent long latency C response was observed on EMG examination, suggesting a possible cortical neuronal hyperexcitability origin for the abnormal startle response observed in hyperekplexia.