Biosynthesis of salivary prostaglandins in the lone star tick, Amblyomma americanum

Insect Biochem Mol Biol. 1995 Jun;25(6):735-41. doi: 10.1016/0965-1748(95)00013-l.

Abstract

Dopamine-induced saliva from ticks fed [3H]arachidonic acid contained the radiolabelled prostaglandins E2, F2 alpha, D2, and B2, the latter probably derived from PGE2 owing to the alkalinity of tick saliva. Prostaglandin synthetase (PGS) activity in the salivary gland homogenate from the lone star tick, Amblyomma americanum, could not be detected by standard radiometric methodologies successfully employed for tissues from many animal species, including numerous arthropods. Modifications to the assay conditions had no effect. The presence of a PGS-inhibitor in the salivary glands was ruled out. It is postulated that the PGS in A. americanum salivary glands may be considerably different from that found in other animals, including vertebrate hosts.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Arachidonic Acid / metabolism
  • Dehydration
  • Dinoprostone / metabolism
  • Dopamine / pharmacology
  • Female
  • Prostaglandins / biosynthesis*
  • Salivary Glands / metabolism*
  • Ticks / metabolism*
  • Tritium / metabolism

Substances

  • Prostaglandins
  • Tritium
  • Arachidonic Acid
  • Dinoprostone
  • Dopamine