Cytogenetic studies were performed in 200 consecutive patients with multiple myeloma and related disorders. Structurally or numerically abnormal clones were found in 63 patients (32%), including 8 of 45 untreated patients (18%), and 55 of 155 treated patients (35%). The abnormal karyotypes generally showed numerous numerical and structural aberrations and in some patients multiple abnormal clones. The most striking feature of patients with hyperdiploid karyotypes was the finding of consistent recurring trisomies for chromosomes 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 15, 19, and 21, cosegregating together in many cases. Monosomy for chromosome 13 was the most common chromosome loss, occurring in 18 abnormal patients (29%), while interstitial deletions involving band 13q14 occurred in an additional 9 patients, indicating a loss of all or part of chromosome 13 in a high percentage of patients with abnormal karyotypes (43%). Structural aberrations of chromosome 1 were most frequent, occurring in 30 of 63 patients (48%), and involved almost equally the short and long arms. The single most frequent chromosome breakpoint involved band 14q32 and was found in 21 patients (33%), including 11 patients with a 14q+ chromosome, 8 with t(11;14)(q13;q32), and 2 with t(8;14)(q24;132).