Pathogenicity of 17 isolates of entomophagous nematodes (Steinernematidae and Heterorhabditidae) for the ticks Amblyomma variegatum (Fabricius), Boophilus microplus (Canestrini) and Boophilus annulatus (Say)

Exp Appl Acarol. 1993 Nov;17(11):831-8. doi: 10.1007/BF00225856.

Abstract

Entomopathogenous nematodes are well known biocontrol agents of insects. They live in the superficial layer of the soil, a location where ticks accomplish their molt and where they oviposit their eggs, making them, theoretically, the preys of infective larvae of nematodes. Seventeen strains of entomopathogenous nematodes: eight strains of Steinernema and nine strains of Heterorhabditis were placed in contact with each of the free living stages of three tick species: Amblyomma variegatum, Boophilus microplus and B. annulatus. The first two species were resistant to all the nematode strains that were tested, whereas B. annulatus was susceptible to all of them. Ovipositing females were more susceptible than females during the preoviposition period. There were no anatomical differences between the two species of Boophilus which can account for such differences in their susceptibility. The use of nematodes to control some species of ticks should be considered.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Female
  • Rhabditoidea / isolation & purification
  • Rhabditoidea / pathogenicity*
  • Tick Control
  • Ticks / parasitology*