The Lck tyrosine kinase molecule plays an essential role in T cell activation and T cell development. Using the expression cloning technique, we have isolated a gene that encodes a molecule, LckBP1, able to associate with murine Lck. Analysis of full-length LckBP1 cDNA indicates at least four potentially important segments: a four tandem 37 amino acid repeat motif with a potential helix-turn-helix DNA binding motif; a proline-rich region; a proline-glutamate repeat; and an SH3 domain. These four regions are very similar to the human haematopoietic-specific protein 1 (HS1). Deletion mutant analysis of LckBP1 revealed two proline-rich regions that permit association with Lck SH3. One region contains prolines conserved among HS1 and cortactin, and the other region contains a potential MAP kinase recognition site. In vivo association between Lck and LckBP1 was confirmed by immunoprecipitation of lysates from a pre-T cell line and adult thymocytes using antibodies specific for Lck and LckBP1. LckBP1 is tyrosine phosphorylated after T-cell receptor stimulation. The SH3 domain and the potential helix-turn-helix motif in LckBP1 suggest that this molecule may associate with various molecules and function as a DNA binding molecule. The data also suggest that LckBP1 mediates intracellular signalling through Lck in T cells.