Normal cartilage structure, biochemistry, and metabolism: a review of the literature

J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 1995 Aug;53(8):924-9. doi: 10.1016/0278-2391(95)90283-x.

Abstract

To understand the possible significance of the presence of proteases, cytokines, growth factors, and arachidonic acid metabolites in the osteoarthritic temporomandibular joint (TMJ), a review of the normal physiologic processes and participating factors in the normal TMJ is established, based on knowledge of structure, biochemistry and metabolism of normal cartilage in general.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arachidonic Acid / metabolism
  • Cartilage, Articular / chemistry
  • Cartilage, Articular / cytology*
  • Cartilage, Articular / metabolism*
  • Collagen / metabolism
  • Cytokines / metabolism
  • Endopeptidases / metabolism
  • Extracellular Matrix / chemistry
  • Growth Substances / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Proteoglycans / metabolism
  • Temporomandibular Joint / anatomy & histology*

Substances

  • Cytokines
  • Growth Substances
  • Proteoglycans
  • Arachidonic Acid
  • Collagen
  • Endopeptidases