Heterogeneity of human neuroblastoma cell lines in their proliferative responses to basic FGF, NGF, and EGF: correlation with expression of growth factors and growth factor receptors

J Neurosci Res. 1995 Apr 15;40(6):707-15. doi: 10.1002/jnr.490400602.


Growth factors can induce both proliferation or differentiation of neuroblastoma (NB) cells through interaction with specific receptors. Using two automated colorimetric assays for determinations of cell numbers, the present study demonstrates that a) different NB and neuroepithelioma cell lines show distinct responses, both qualitatively and quantitatively, to basic FGF (bFGF), NGF, and EGF; b) even closely related NB cell lines (e.g., SK-N-SH, SH-SY5Y, and SHEP) do not respond uniformly to these factors; c) responses of the two neuroepithelioma cell lines employed (SK-N-MC and CHP-100) differ, but match those of certain NB cell lines; and d) two growth factors, bFGF and EGF, may both stimulate or inhibit proliferation, depending on the cell line studied. Specifically, IMR-32, SK-N-SH, and SH-SY5Y showed a mitogenic response to each growth factor. Maximal proliferative responses ranged from 204-355% as compared to controls (100%). GICAN was stimulated by NGF (199%), and SK-N-MC and NMB by EGF (282 and 140%, respectively), but other factors were ineffective. CHP-100 and GIMEN were inhibited by bFGF. NGF and EGF were not effective on CHP-100 cells, while EGF caused an arrest of mitogenic activity in GIMEN cells, and NGF stimulated their proliferation. Cell lines SHEP and LAN1 did not respond to any factor. To begin to analyze putative relationships of growth factor responsiveness and growth factor/growth factor receptor expressions, IMR-32, GIMEN, and LAN1 cell lines were studied for the presence of bFGF, NGF, FGF receptors (R)-1 (flg) and FGFR-4, trk, and low-affinity NGF receptor (p75) mRNAs.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Cell Division / drug effects
  • Epidermal Growth Factor / pharmacology
  • Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 / pharmacology
  • Growth Substances / metabolism*
  • Growth Substances / pharmacology*
  • Humans
  • Nerve Growth Factors / pharmacology
  • Neuroblastoma / metabolism*
  • Neuroblastoma / pathology*
  • Receptors, Growth Factor / metabolism*
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • Growth Substances
  • Nerve Growth Factors
  • Receptors, Growth Factor
  • Fibroblast Growth Factor 2
  • Epidermal Growth Factor