Previous reports on possible genomic imprinting of the neuroblastoma tumour suppressor gene on chromosome 1p36 have been conflicting. Here we report on the parental origin of 1p36 alleles lost in 47 neuroblastomas and on a detailed Southern blot analysis of the extent of the 1p deletions in 38 cases. The results are remarkably different for tumours with and without N-myc amplification. In the N-myc single copy tumours we show that the lost 1p36 alleles are of preferential maternal origin (16 of 17 cases) and that the commonly deleted region maps to 1p36.2-3. In contrast, all N-myc amplified neuroblastomas have larger 1p deletions, extending from the telomere to at least 1p35-36.1. These deletions are of random parental origin (18 of 30 maternal LOH). This strongly suggests that different suppressor genes on 1p are inactivated in these two types of neuroblastoma. Deletion of a more proximal suppressor gene is associated with N-myc amplification, while a distal, probably imprinted, suppressor can be deleted in N-myc single copy cases.