This paper presents evidence in support of a serial reaction time (SRT) deficit associated with Parkinson's disease, and related to the acquisition or execution of serial-order information. Eleven patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease, and 10 age-matched but otherwise healthy control subjects, were compared on a variant of the SRT task introduced by Nissen and Bullemer (Cognit. Psychol. 19, 1-32, 1987). The results of this study clearly demonstrate that PD patients produce a quite different pattern of RT performance to that of control subjects. Such a pattern of results may reflect either: (1) a deficit in the patients' ability to learn the temporal order information provided by a repeating sequence of target locations in the SRT task; or (2) a deficit in the patients' ability to express temporal order information provided by the repeating sequence of target locations in the SRT task.