The characteristics of cultured mucosal cell sheet as a material for grafting; comparison with cultured epidermal cell sheet

Ann Plast Surg. 1995 May;34(5):530-8. doi: 10.1097/00000637-199505000-00013.


The characteristics of cultured mucosal cells from the oral mucosa were investigated and compared with those of cultured epidermal cells. Total cell counts showed that mucosal cells possessed greater proliferating ability than epidermal cells. The results of 3(4,5-dimethyle-thiazoyl-2-yl)2,5 diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay confirmed this observation and also suggested that the mucosal cells maintained biological activity longer than epidermal cells. The most important morphological characteristics of mucosal cells in culture were their low grade of differentiation. Interestingly, the epidermal cells showed enucleation and keratinization progressively during culture, whereas the mucosal cells showed no obvious enucleation when examined by light microscopy. Transmission electron microscopy showed a smaller number of desmosomes in cultured mucosal cells than epidermal cells. The results of this study reveal cultured mucosal cell sheets to be a possible material for grafting in addition to cultured epidermal cell sheets.

MeSH terms

  • Cell Count
  • Cell Differentiation / physiology
  • Cell Survival / physiology
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Epidermal Cells
  • Epidermis / transplantation
  • Humans
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Mouth Mucosa / pathology
  • Mouth Mucosa / transplantation*