Context framing to enhance HIV-antibody-testing messages targeted to African American women

Health Psychol. 1995 May;14(3):247-54. doi: 10.1037//0278-6133.14.3.247.


African American women (N = 100) recruited from an urban clinic were randomly assigned to view 1 of 3 experimental videotapes promoting HIV testing: (a) an ethnicity-matched information control videotape; (b) the same ethnicity-matched videotape presented by an African American woman (gender-ethnicity-matched control condition); or (c) an experimental videotape with a culturally relevant context that embedded HIV-testing information within a frame of reference emphasizing personal loss. Consistent with D. Kahneman and A. Tversky's (1979) prospect theory, women who viewed the context-framing videotape were most likely to have been tested during a 2-week follow-up interval. Among women who expressed intentions to get tested after viewing the videotapes, 63% of those in the message-framing condition were tested for HIV during a 2-week period compared with 23% in the gender-ethnicity-matched condition, and none in the ethnicity-matched condition.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • AIDS Serodiagnosis / psychology*
  • African Americans / psychology*
  • Attitude to Health
  • Cultural Characteristics
  • Female
  • Gender Identity*
  • Health Education*
  • Humans
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care*
  • Risk-Taking
  • Sexual Behavior
  • Urban Population*
  • Videotape Recording