Carriage of Staphylococcus aureus among 104 healthy persons during a 19-month period

Epidemiol Infect. 1995 Aug;115(1):51-60. doi: 10.1017/s0950268800058118.


The present study was undertaken to investigate the frequency of the nasal carrier rate of Staphylococcus aureus. The investigation was performed on 104 healthy persons. The total number of swabs performed was 1498 and this resulted in isolation of 522 S. aureus strains. All strains have been identified, tested for antibiotic susceptibility, and phage-typed. The carrier-index (number of positive swabs/number of total swabs for each individual person) was compared with different sampling and culturing methods, phage type, age, and resistance to antibiotics. There was statistical difference in carrier rate according to sex (P < 0.05). Among the 104 persons 15 (14.4%) were persistent carriers, 17 (16.3%) intermittent carriers, 55 (52.9%) occasional carriers and 17 (16.3%) non-carriers. Among intermittent and occasional carriers the phage-type distribution was different from the S. aureus strains isolated from Danish hospitalized patients in 1992, while the persistent carriers had similar phage-type distribution.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Bacteriophage Typing
  • Carrier State / epidemiology*
  • Carrier State / microbiology
  • Denmark / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nasal Lavage Fluid / microbiology
  • Occupational Exposure
  • Penicillin Resistance
  • Sex Factors
  • Staphylococcus aureus / drug effects
  • Staphylococcus aureus / genetics
  • Staphylococcus aureus / isolation & purification*
  • Tetracycline Resistance