The GATA-3 gene is expressed during human kidney embryogenesis

Kidney Int. 1995 Jun;47(6):1597-603. doi: 10.1038/ki.1995.223.


GATA-3 is a transcription factor involved in the differentiation of T lymphocytes and additionally expressed in several chicken and mouse embryonic tissues. Using in situ hybridization, we found that the human GATA-3 gene is selectively expressed in the developing kidney. GATA-3 mRNA is first detected in the Wolffian duct from the time of its emergence in the embryonic intermediate mesoderm and further expressed in the collecting ducts of the mesonephros until its involution. In the metanephros, GATA-3 is expressed in the ureteric bud where it is constitutively transcribed, throughout development, along the branching process that gives rise to the whole collecting system of the definitive kidney. Besides the Wolffian duct and derivatives, we also report the expression of GATA-3 gene in the glomerular mesangium and adjacent endocapillary cells, in both meso- and metanephros. This early and specific expression of the GATA-3 gene suggests a role for this transcription factor in the differentiation of the human kidney.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics*
  • Embryo, Mammalian / metabolism*
  • Embryonic and Fetal Development*
  • GATA3 Transcription Factor
  • Gene Expression*
  • Humans
  • In Situ Hybridization
  • Kidney / embryology*
  • Mesonephros / metabolism
  • Trans-Activators / genetics*


  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • GATA3 Transcription Factor
  • GATA3 protein, human
  • Trans-Activators