Development of secondary hyperparathyroidism and bone disease in diabetic rats with renal failure

Kidney Int. 1995 Jun;47(6):1746-51. doi: 10.1038/ki.1995.241.

Abstract

Renal osteodystrophy in diabetic patients on maintenance hemodialysis is characterized by a higher prevalence of low bone turnover and is associated with a relative deficiency of parathyroid hormone (PTH) as compared with non-diabetic hemodialysis patients. The goal of the study was to evaluate how diabetes affected the development of secondary hyperparathyroidism (2 degrees HPT) and bone disease in azotemic rats. Three groups of 5/6 nephrectomized, pair-fed male Wistar rats maintained on a high phosphorus (1.2%) diet were studied: (1) the control group, non-diabetic azotemic rats (NDR); and two streptozotocin-induced diabetic azotemic groups, (2) poorly-controlled diabetic rats (PCDR) which received only enough NPH insulin to maintain the blood glucose between 300 and 400 mg/dl, and (3) well-controlled insulin-treated diabetic rats (IDR) which received a continuous insulin infusion for 14 days via a subcutaneously implanted miniosmotic pump. Serum calcium, phosphorus and creatinine levels were similar among the three groups. Blood glucose levels were greater in the PCDR group than the IDR and NDR groups (358 +/- 11 vs. 83 +/- 9 and 87 +/- 8 mg/dl, respectively; P < 0.001). Rats in the PCDR group weighed less at sacrifice as compared with the IDR and NDR groups (P < 0.05). Serum PTH levels (normal 47 +/- 2 pg/ml) were elevated, but not different among the three groups (136 +/- 34, 147 +/- 21 and 98 +/- 8 pg/ml in the PDCR, IDR and NDR groups, respectively).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bone Diseases / etiology*
  • Bone and Bones / pathology
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental / complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental / drug therapy
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental / pathology
  • Diabetic Nephropathies / complications*
  • Hyperparathyroidism / etiology*
  • Insulin / administration & dosage
  • Insulin / therapeutic use
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / complications*
  • Male
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Uremia / complications

Substances

  • Insulin