Autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia with pigmentary macular dystrophy (ADCA type II) is a rare neurodegenerative disorder with marked anticipation. We have mapped the ADCA type II locus to chromosome 3 by linkage analysis in a genome-wide search and found no evidence for genetic heterogeneity among four families of different geographic origins. Haplotype reconstruction initially restricted the locus to the 33 cM interval flanked by D3S1300 and D3S1276 located at 3p12-p21.1. Combined multipoint analysis, using the Zmax-1 method, further reduced the candidate interval to an 8 cM region around D3S1285. Our results show that ADCA type II is a genetically homogenous disorder, independent of the heterogeneous group of type I cerebellar ataxias.