Morphometry of the primate bony labyrinth: a new method based on high-resolution computed tomography

J Anat. 1995 Apr;186 ( Pt 2)(Pt 2):271-86.


A method is described for taking accurate measurements of the bony labyrinth of humans and other primates using high-resolution computed tomography (CT). The measurements comprise 8 dimensions, 14 orientations and 2 indices of the labyrinth, as well as 7 orientations of related structures of the petrous pyramid. Comparison of the measurements taken from CT scans with those taken from subsequently made casts and cryosections demonstrates that the method is sufficiently accurate to permit the morphometric analysis of labyrinthine size and shape. Since the CT method is nondestructive, fast and easy to perform, it is applicable to large samples and to rare or precious anthropological specimens.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anthropometry / methods*
  • Ear, Inner / anatomy & histology*
  • Ear, Inner / diagnostic imaging
  • Humans
  • Primates / anatomy & histology*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed*