The host tissue reaction to Madurella mycetomatis: new classification

J Med Vet Mycol. Jan-Feb 1995;33(1):15-7.


In this prospective study, three types of tissue reaction to mycetoma grains are described. Type I reaction is characterized by the adherence of neutrophils to the surface of the grain leading to its disintegration. In Type II reaction, the fragmented grain and the dead neutrophils are cleared by macrophages and multinucleated giant cells, while in Type III reaction there is a discrete well developed epithelioid granuloma with Langhans's giant cells. The three types of reaction are usually seen in different combinations in the same lesion.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Dermatomycoses / microbiology
  • Dermatomycoses / pathology*
  • Female
  • Foreign-Body Reaction / pathology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mitosporic Fungi* / cytology
  • Prospective Studies