Role for the Rho-family GTPase Cdc42 in yeast mating-pheromone signal pathway

Nature. 1995 Aug 24;376(6542):702-5. doi: 10.1038/376702a0.

Abstract

In the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the process of conjugation of haploid cells of genotype MATa and MAT alpha to form MATa/alpha diploids is triggered by pheromones produced by each mating type. These pheromones stimulate a cellular response by interaction with receptors linked to a heterotrimeric G protein. Although genetic analysis indicates that the pheromone signal is transmitted through the G beta gamma dimer, the initial target(s) of G protein activation remain to be determined. Temperature-sensitive cells with mutations of the CDC24 and CDC42 genes, which are incapable of budding and of generating cell polarity at the restrictive temperature, are also unable to mate. Cdc24 acts as a guanylyl-nucleotide-exchange factor for the Rho-type GTPase Cdc42, which has been shown to be a fundamental component of the molecular machinery controlling morphogenesis in eukaryotic cells. Therefore, the inability of cdc24 and cdc42 mutants to mate has been presumed to be due to a requirement for generation of cell polarity and related morphogenetic events during conjugation. But here we show that Cdc42 has a direct signalling role in the mating-pheromone response between the G protein and the downstream protein kinase cascade.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Cell Cycle Proteins / genetics
  • Cell Cycle Proteins / physiology*
  • Fungal Proteins / genetics
  • GTP-Binding Protein beta Subunits*
  • GTP-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • GTP-Binding Proteins / physiology*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal
  • Genes, Fungal
  • Genes, Mating Type, Fungal
  • Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors*
  • Guanosine Triphosphate / physiology
  • Heterotrimeric GTP-Binding Proteins*
  • Humans
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • MAP Kinase Kinase Kinases
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Mutation
  • Pheromones / physiology*
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / physiology
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / genetics
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / physiology
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / physiology*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins*
  • Signal Transduction / physiology*
  • Transformation, Genetic
  • cdc42 GTP-Binding Protein, Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Substances

  • CDC24 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • FUS1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Fungal Proteins
  • GTP-Binding Protein beta Subunits
  • Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Pheromones
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Ste4 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Guanosine Triphosphate
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • MAP Kinase Kinase Kinases
  • STE20 protein, S cerevisiae
  • GTP-Binding Proteins
  • Heterotrimeric GTP-Binding Proteins
  • cdc42 GTP-Binding Protein, Saccharomyces cerevisiae