Significance of location (anterior versus inferior) and type (Q-wave versus non-Q-wave) of acute myocardial infarction in patients undergoing percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty for postinfarction ischemia

Am J Cardiol. 1995 Sep 1;76(7):431-5. doi: 10.1016/s0002-9149(99)80125-8.


Predictors of increased risk for recurrent cardiac events and death after acute myocardial infarction include postinfarction myocardial ischemia, anterior location of the infarct, and non-Q-wave versus Q-wave infarction. Although coronary angioplasty is performed in patients with postinfarction ischemia to alleviate symptoms, the outcome according to location and type of infarction and the effect on prevention of subsequent myocardial infarction and death are not known. To determine if location and type of myocardial infarction provide prognostic information in patients with postinfarction ischemia, we analyzed morbidity and mortality during and after coronary angioplasty according to the location (anterior vs inferior) and type (Q-wave vs non-Q-wave) of myocardial infarction in 505 consecutive patients. The incidence of recurrent angina, repeat coronary angioplasty, coronary bypass surgery, reinfarction, and death during long-term follow-up after hospital discharge (mean 34 +/- 19 months) for the 440 patients with an initial successful angioplasty was also compared. During the procedure, there was no difference in the primary success rate or mortality among the different groups; however, more patients with anterior non-Q-wave myocardial infarction underwent emergent bypass grafting after unsuccessful coronary angioplasty (p = 0.001). Multivariate Cox proportional-hazards analyses controlling for age, gender, number of diseased vessels, location, type of infarction, and year of coronary angioplasty revealed that more patients with anterior infarction had > or = 1 cardiac event (repeat angioplasty, coronary artery bypass grafting, reinfarction, or death) than did those with inferior infarction (RR 1.80, 95% confidence interval [Ci] 1.22 to 2.65, p = 0.003).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Angina Pectoris / etiology
  • Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary*
  • Coronary Artery Bypass
  • Disease-Free Survival
  • Electrocardiography*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Myocardial Infarction / complications*
  • Myocardial Infarction / diagnosis
  • Myocardial Infarction / pathology
  • Myocardial Ischemia / etiology
  • Myocardial Ischemia / therapy*
  • Prognosis
  • Proportional Hazards Models
  • Recurrence