Clinical and physiological assessment of asthmatic children treated with beclomethasone dipropionate

J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1976 Feb;57(2):112-23. doi: 10.1016/0091-6749(76)90030-0.


Forty-two perennial asthmatic children were selected for a 12-wk study using beclomethasone dipropionate. The groups included 21 steroid-dependent children (Group I) and 21 patients (Group II) whose disease was of sufficient severity that corticosteroid therapy was contemplated. All children received the drug in a dose of 100 mug 4 times daily. During the study, oral prednisone was withdrawn from the steroid-dependent children while other therapy was essentially unchanged. Group II children underwent a double-blind trial, receiving beclomethasone for 6 wk and placebo for 6 wk. Objective assessment of adrenal and pulmonary function was obtained at regular intervals. For the latter, total lung capacity and its subdivisions, airways resistance, maximum expiratory flow volume, and oxygen tension, were measured in both groups. In Group II static elastic recoil was measured also. For most tests the results were statistically significant. In both groups, 18 of 21 patients demonstrated an excellent clinical response, no evidence of adrenal suppression, and improvement in pulmonary function. Forty of 42 patients were followed for another 12 wk, and 19 of each group did well. After 20-24 wk of therapy, 16% of patients harbored monilia in their oropharynx, and 1 patient had clinical monilial stomatitis. Within the limits of the time of the study, beclomethasone dipropionate appeared to provide adequate clinical control in many chronic, severe, steroid-dependent and nonsteroid-dependent asthmatic children.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Controlled Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • 17-Ketosteroids / urine
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aerosols
  • Asthma / complications
  • Asthma / drug therapy*
  • Asthma / physiopathology
  • Beclomethasone / adverse effects
  • Beclomethasone / analogs & derivatives*
  • Beclomethasone / therapeutic use
  • Candidiasis, Oral / complications
  • Child
  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hydrocortisone / blood
  • Male
  • Methylprednisolone / analogs & derivatives*
  • Respiratory Function Tests


  • 17-Ketosteroids
  • Aerosols
  • Beclomethasone
  • Hydrocortisone
  • Methylprednisolone