Among glycolytic enzyme defects, hexokinase (ATP: D-hexose 6-phosphotransferase, EC 188.8.131.52; HK) deficiency is a very rare disease where the predominant clinical effect is nonspherocytic hemolytic anemia. Here we report the characterization at molecular level of the HK type I cDNA from a patient with hemolytic anemia due to hexokinase deficiency. PCR amplification and sequence of the cDNA revealed the presence of a deletion and of a single nucleotide substitution, both in heterozygous form. In particular, the deletion, 96 bp long, concerns nucleotides 577 to 672 in the HK cDNA sequence and was never found in the cDNAs of 14 unrelated normal subjects. The sequence of the HK allele without deletion showed a single nucleotide substitution from T to C at position 1667 which causes the amino acid change from Leu529 to Ser. This heterozygous mutation at nt 1667 was confirmed by direct sequencing of the patient genomic DNA, but when DNAs from 10 normal controls were examined by this technique the substitution at nt 1667 was never found. From these results we concluded that the patient is carrying a point mutation at nt 1667 of one HK allele and a 96 nt deletion in the other allele. In normal subjects two differences from the published cDNA sequence were documented.