Objectives: An alternative therapeutic approach to popliteal artery entrapment syndrome (PAES) with vascular complications.
Materials: Three male patients (16, 42 and 68 years) with thrombotic and/or embolic obstructions of popliteal or crural vessels as a consequence of popliteal entrapment syndrome.
Methods: Combined catheter treatment consisting of percutaneous transluminal thrombembolectomy (PTEE), local thrombolysis (LTL) and percutaneous transluminal dilatation (PTA) was performed for thrombotic and embolic obstructions of popliteal or crural vessels. The aberrant tendomuscular structures were surgically corrected at a later date.
Results: After the procedure systolic ankle/arm pressure ratios in the three patients improved from 0.66 to 1.13, 0.57 to 1.07 and 0.46 to 1.10. Twelve, 8 and 4 months later the patients were asymptomatic. None of the patients showed popliteal artery compression during plantar flexion on Duplex scanning.
Conclusions: This new therapeutic approach avoids direct vascular surgery with bypass or patch implantation in patients with PAES who are often young. The long term results remain to be evaluated.