Purpose: This study was undertaken to determine the effect of rectal dilation in a patient with urge-type fecal incontinence and frequent bowel movements associated with low rectal compliance and capacity.
Method: Daily rectal balloon dilation was performed for a period of four weeks.
Results: The patient regained complete fecal continence with one to two daily bowel movements. Rectal compliance, capacity, and cross-sectional area increased by 37 to 136 percent. Nine months later the patient was still without symptoms.
Conclusion: Rectal balloon dilation may be a therapeutic alternative in selected patients.