Dose-response of an induction of a germline mutation was studied at a hypervariable mouse minisatellite locus, Ms6hm, which consists of tandem repeats of a sequence motif GGGCA. Male C3H/HeN mice were exposed to various doses of 60Co gamma-ray and mated with unirradiated C57BL/6N female mice. Matings were done at various time after irradiation to assess the effects of radiation on spermatozoa, spermatids and spermatogonia. DNA samples of F1 offsprings were analysed by Southern blotting for the repeat length mutation at the Ms6hm locus. The mutation frequency per gamete of the paternal allele was 9.1% for the unirradiated control group. The spermatids stage was most sensitive to radiation and a statistically significant dose-response was observed. The mutation frequency of the paternal allele in F1 mice increased to 22% for 1 Gy, 28% for 2 Gy, and 28% for 3 Gy. The spermatogonia stage was less sensitive to radiation, and the mutation frequencies of the paternal allele were 14% for 2 Gy, and 16% for 3 Gy. The spermatozoa stage germ cells were also less sensitive and the frequency of mutation of the paternal allele increased to 14% for 3 Gy. However, these increases were statistically not significant. Possible mechanisms of radiation induction of germline mutation at the hypervariable minisatellite locus will be discussed.