Comparison of iodine-125-BMIPP and thallium-201 in myocardial hypoperfusion

J Nucl Med. 1995 Sep;36(9):1645-53.


Radiolabeled fatty acids such as 15-(p-iodophenyl)-3-R,S-methylpentadecanoic acid (BMIPP) have unique metabolic properties of potential use as myocardial perfusion tracers. Accordingly, we compared the in vivo pattern of uptake of BMIPP and 201Tl in hypoperfused rabbit myocardium.

Methods: Animals were intubated, ventilated and their arterial pressures monitored. A left thoracotomy was performed. After ligation of a major branch of the circumflex artery, an intravenous injection of BMIPP or BMIPP/201TI was given. Radiolabeled microspheres were used to document the area of risk. After the circulation period, the animals were killed. Tracer deposition within the hearts was determined by either dual-tracer autoradiography (Protocol I) or by segmental tissue analysis (Protocol II).

Results: Dual-tracer autoradiographic activity profiles for BMIPP were comparable to those of 201TI. Moreover, the two tracers yielded similar values for normal-to-defect contrast and defect size. The myocardial activity concentration of BMIPP for both protocols correlated strongly with coronary blood flow and compared favorably with 201TI.

Conclusion: BMIPP and 201TI accurately delineate areas of hypoperfusion distal to a coronary occlusion. Therefore, differences in the myocardial distribution of BMIPP and 201TI in clinical studies may be related to cellular fatty acid metabolism.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Autoradiography
  • Coronary Circulation*
  • Decanoic Acids* / pharmacokinetics
  • Fatty Acids*
  • Heart / diagnostic imaging
  • Iodine Radioisotopes* / pharmacokinetics
  • Iodobenzenes* / pharmacokinetics
  • Male
  • Myocardial Ischemia / diagnostic imaging*
  • Myocardial Ischemia / physiopathology
  • Myocardium / metabolism
  • Rabbits
  • Radionuclide Imaging
  • Thallium Radioisotopes* / pharmacokinetics


  • Decanoic Acids
  • Fatty Acids
  • Iodine Radioisotopes
  • Iodobenzenes
  • Thallium Radioisotopes
  • iodofiltic acid