Tyrosine kinase inhibitors. 5. Synthesis and structure-activity relationships for 4-[(phenylmethyl)amino]- and 4-(phenylamino)quinazolines as potent adenosine 5'-triphosphate binding site inhibitors of the tyrosine kinase domain of the epidermal growth factor receptor

J Med Chem. 1995 Sep 1;38(18):3482-7. doi: 10.1021/jm00018a008.


A series of 4-substituted quinazolines and related compounds have been prepared and evaluated for their ability to inhibit the tyrosine kinase activity of the epidermal growth factor receptor on a phospholipase C-gamma 1-derived substrate. The results show a narrow structure-activity relationship (SAR) for the basic ring system, with quinazoline being the preferred chromophore and benzylamino and anilino the preferred side chains. In the 4-anilino series, substitution on the 3-position of the phenyl ring with small lipophilic electron-withdrawing groups provided analogues with enhanced potency. Two series of compounds [4-(phenylmethyl)amino and 4-(3-bromophenyl)amino] were studied to determine SARs for quinazoline substituents. In the more active 4-(3-bromophenyl)amino series, electron-donating groups (NH2, OMe) at the 6- or 7-position increased activity, in a pattern consistent with a requirement for high electron density in the vicinity of the 8-position of the quinazoline ring. The 6,7-dimethoxy derivatives were the most effective in both series, with the 4-(3-bromophenyl)amino derivative (3) having an IC50 of 0.029 nM, making it by far the most potent reported inhibitor of the tyrosine kinase activity of the epidermal growth factor receptor enzyme.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine Triphosphate / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Adenosine Triphosphate / metabolism
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • ErbB Receptors / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • ErbB Receptors / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Quinazolines / chemistry
  • Quinazolines / pharmacology*
  • Structure-Activity Relationship
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured
  • Type C Phospholipases / metabolism


  • Quinazolines
  • Adenosine Triphosphate
  • ErbB Receptors
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • Type C Phospholipases