[The use of pacifiers in children: fecal contamination and association with diarrhea]

Rev Saude Publica. 1994 Oct;28(5):373-9. doi: 10.1590/s0034-89101994000500011.
[Article in Portuguese]


A cross-sectional study of 354 children under two years of age was carried out in two periurban slums, with poor sanitary and socioeconomic conditions, located in Pelotas, southern Brazil. Most (79%) of the children studied were current users of pacifiers, 15% had never used one and the remaining 6% were ex-users. Among current users, 38% sucked a pacifier most of the time ("constant users"). Of the pacifiers in constant use, 93% were cultured for evidence of fecal contamination. Fecal coliforms were present in 49% of these. Diarrhoea was reported in 35% of all the children in the two weeks preceding the survey. Among constant pacifiers users, 40% had had diarrhoea in the preceding fortnight; this proportion was 32% for occasional users and 37% for non-users. These differences were not statistically significant.

Publication types

  • English Abstract
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Brazil / epidemiology
  • Chi-Square Distribution
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Diarrhea, Infantile / epidemiology
  • Diarrhea, Infantile / microbiology*
  • Diarrhea, Infantile / prevention & control
  • Enterobacteriaceae / isolation & purification
  • Feces / microbiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant Care*
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Poverty Areas
  • Prevalence
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Time Factors