Contour interaction in the presence of congenital nystagmus

Vision Res. 1995 Jun;35(12):1785-9. doi: 10.1016/0042-6989(94)00277-s.


Using a computer-generated acuity task, the resolution of vertical and horizontal Landolt Cs was assessed at three levels of contrast, each for three different crowding conditions. Eighteen adults participated; six had congenital idiopathic nystagmus, six were oculocutaneous albinos and six served as controls. Contour interaction was evident when bars were placed 1 gap-width from the Landolt C and was more marked as contrast increased. When scaled to the individual resolution limit, the magnitude of contour interaction displayed by the albinos was not significantly different from the controls, however the idiopaths did exhibit a greater crowding effect than the controls. These results imply that fixation instability is a contributory factor in contour interaction, but only when retinal image velocity is above a certain threshold.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Albinism, Oculocutaneous / physiopathology
  • Contrast Sensitivity / physiology
  • Fixation, Ocular
  • Form Perception / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Nystagmus, Pathologic / congenital*
  • Nystagmus, Pathologic / physiopathology
  • Rotation
  • Sensory Thresholds / physiology
  • Visual Acuity / physiology*