Visual field loss after pars plana vitrectomy with air/fluid exchange

Am J Ophthalmol. 1995 Sep;120(3):386-8. doi: 10.1016/s0002-9394(14)72169-5.


Purpose: To report the postoperative finding of a dense, permanent, peripheral temporal visual field defect in the treated eyes of three patients who underwent pars plana vitrectomy with air/fluid exchange.

Methods: The patient's charts were reviewed.

Results: Visual field loss after pars plana vitrectomy and air/fluid exchange occurs and may be caused by mechanical trauma to the optic nerve head.

Conclusion: Great caution is advised when aspirating directly over the optic nerve with any extrusion instrument.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Air
  • Female
  • Fundus Oculi
  • Humans
  • Intraoperative Complications
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Optic Disk / injuries
  • Retinal Neovascularization / surgery
  • Retinal Perforations / surgery
  • Solutions
  • Vision Disorders / etiology*
  • Visual Acuity
  • Visual Fields*
  • Vitrectomy / adverse effects*


  • Solutions