The genomic and the cDNA clones of human glandular kallikrein (hK2), a member of the kallikrein family, have been isolated; however, the hK2 protein has not yet been identified and characterized. The deduced sequence of hK2 is highly homologous to prostate specific antigen (PSA), a widely accepted prognostic indicator of prostate carcinoma. Also, hK2 mRNA, like PSA mRNA, is exclusively expressed in prostatic epithelia. These two properties make hK2 a potentially useful marker for studying prostate cancer. In this paper, we describe for the first time the overexpression of the entire hK2 protein (pre-pro hK2:pphK2) in the E. coli system. Our system yields high levels of authentic pphK2 (as determined by partial amino acid sequence analysis) comprising about 40% of total cellular protein. pphK2 was purified to near homogeneity by preparative SDS/PAGE and used to generate anti-pphK2 antibodies in rabbits. The antibodies recognize the recombinant hK2 protein and a major band of approximately 34 kDa in seminal fluid.