[E. Merck and cocaine. On Sigmund Freud's cocaine studies and their relation to the Darmstadt industry]

Gesnerus. 1995;52(1-2):116-32.
[Article in German]


Documents from the archives of the pharmaceutical company, E. Merck, Darmstadt, shed light on research, production, and marketing of cocaine and other coca alkaloids. When cocaine proved to be a local anaesthetic in 1884 the market expanded enormously. The production of E. Merck is compared with that of other companies in Germany and abroad. Freud, who published on cocaine from 1884 to 1887, was in contact with E. Merck and performed clinical studies for them as well as for an American company.

Publication types

  • Biography
  • English Abstract
  • Historical Article

MeSH terms

  • Austria
  • Cocaine / history*
  • Drug Industry / history*
  • Germany
  • History, 17th Century
  • History, 18th Century
  • History, 19th Century
  • History, 20th Century
  • Humans
  • Psychoanalysis / history*


  • Cocaine

Personal name as subject

  • S Freud
  • E Merck