Association of PIT1 polymorphisms with growth and carcass traits in pigs

J Anim Sci. 1995 May;73(5):1282-8. doi: 10.2527/1995.7351282x.


PIT1, a member of the POU-domain family of genes, is a positive regulatory factor of growth hormone, prolactin, and thyrotroph-stimulating hormone beta in several mammals. Therefore, PIT1 was chosen as a candidate gene to investigate its association with growth and carcass traits in pigs. The five Iowa State University reference/resource three-generation families consisting of crosses of Meishan x Duroc, Meishan x Hampshire, Meishan x Landrace, Minzhu x Hampshire, and Minzhu x Landrace were used. The three PIT1 polymorphisms were based on two RFLP using a PIT1 POU-domain cDNA probe and the restriction enzymes BamHI and MspI and a PCR/RFLP using RsaI. Birth, 21-d, and 42-d weights, average daily gain, several backfat measurements, longissimus muscle area, muscle color, marbling, and firmness scores were evaluated for their association with the three PIT1 polymorphisms. Mixed-animal-model analyses were used with the informative family data in which the PIT1 polymorphisms were segregating. Results from mixed-model analyses revealed that pigs with the MspI CC genotype (P < .01) were associated with heavier birth weight (.12 kg) than DD genotype pigs. The MspI CC genotype pigs were also significantly associated with greater average backfat (.41 cm, P < .01), greater first-rib backfat (.45 cm, P < .01), greater last-rib backfat (.32 cm, P < .07), and greater last lumbar backfat (.46 cm, P < .10) than the DD genotype pigs. The CC genotype represents primarily Chinese alleles and may be useful for future genetic improvement in synthetic lines involving Chinese and American pigs.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Alleles
  • Animals
  • Breeding
  • Crosses, Genetic
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics*
  • Female
  • Gene Frequency
  • Genetic Variation
  • Genotype
  • Male
  • Meat / standards*
  • Polymorphism, Genetic*
  • Swine / genetics
  • Swine / growth & development*
  • Transcription Factor Pit-1
  • Transcription Factors / genetics*


  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Transcription Factor Pit-1
  • Transcription Factors