Glucose clamp techniques are established methods for assessment of insulin sensitivity and secretion. The minimal model technique (MMT) has been proposed as an alternative approach to the hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp technique for determination of an insulin sensitivity index (ISI), but has not been directly compared with the hyperglycemic clamp for measurement of ISI or insulin secretion. To address this issue, the present study was undertaken to compare determinations of ISI and the acute insulin response to glucose (AIRg) obtained using the MMT with similar measures obtained from a hyperglycemic clamp. Measures for ISI and AIRg obtained from MMT analysis of a tolbutamide-modified frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance test (FSIGT) were compared with similar measures obtained from a 3-hour hyperglycemic clamp performed at a plasma glucose level of 10 mmol/L (180 mg/dL). Paired comparisons were performed in 14 women with normal glucose tolerance. Significant positive correlation coefficients were obtained for both ISI (r = .88, P < .001) and AIRg (r = .75, P < .005) between the MMT and clamp studies. We conclude that indices for ISI and AIRg obtained with the MMT are highly correlated with those obtained using the hyperglycemic clamp. The MMT is a valid alternative to the hyperglycemic clamp for assessing insulin sensitivity and AIRg.