The non-visual impact of eye orientation on eye-hand coordination

Vision Res. 1995 Jun;35(11):1611-8. doi: 10.1016/0042-6989(94)00260-s.


When a peripheral visual stimulus is briefly presented in an empty surround, and an observer is required, after a delay of a few seconds, to point toward the remembered location of that target, the responses are strongly influenced by eye orientation at the time of pointing. Remembered locations, as indicated in total darkness, are typically more precise (more reproducible across trials) when the subject's eyes are aimed toward the target before pointing, than when initial fixation (straight ahead) is maintained during pointing. Furthermore, when the eyes are aimed toward the target, the indicated directions are usually biased toward less eccentric locations than those indicated with eyes aimed straight ahead. These differences in scatter and in bias arise regardless of whether the eye movement toward target location, which precedes pointing, is made while the target is visible or occurs thereafter in total darkness, thus demonstrating that non-visual stimuli associated with eye orientation affect the spatial memory used by the skeletal muscle system.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Eye Movements / physiology*
  • Hand / physiology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Memory, Short-Term / physiology*
  • Middle Aged
  • Movement / physiology
  • Psychomotor Performance / physiology*
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Sensory Deprivation / physiology
  • Space Perception / physiology*