The use of egocentric and exocentric location cues in saccadic programming

Vision Res. 1995 Aug;35(15):2191-9. doi: 10.1016/0042-6989(94)00317-3.


Theoretically, the location of a visual target can be encoded with respect to the locations of other stimuli in the visual image (exocentric cues), or with respect to the observer (egocentric cues). Egocentric localization in the oculomotor system has been shown to rely on an internal representation of eye position that inaccurately encodes the time-course of saccadic eye movements, resulting in the mislocalization of visual targets presented near the time of a saccade. In the present investigation, subjects were instructed to localize perisaccadic stimuli in the presence or absence of a visual stimulus that could provide exocentric location information. Saccadic localization was more accurate in the presence of the exocentric cue, suggesting that localization is based on a combination of exocentric and egocentric cues. These findings indicate the need to reassess previously reported neurophysiological studies of spatial accuracy and current models of oculomotor control, which have focused almost exclusively on the egocentric localization abilities of the brain.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Cues*
  • Darkness
  • Female
  • Fixation, Ocular
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Photic Stimulation
  • Saccades / physiology*
  • Time Factors
  • Visual Perception / physiology*