Minute supernumerary ring chromosome 22 associated with cat eye syndrome: further delineation of the critical region

Am J Hum Genet. 1995 Sep;57(3):667-73.


Cat eye syndrome (CES) is typically associated with a supernumerary bisatellited marker chromosome (inv dup 22pter-22q11.2) resulting in four copies of this region. We describe an individual showing the inheritance of a minute supernumerary double ring chromosome 22, which resulted in expression of all cardinal features of CES. The size of the ring was determined by DNA dosage analysis and FISH analysis for five loci mapping to 22q11.2. The probes to the loci D22S9, D22S43, and ATP6E were present in four copies, whereas D22S57 and D22S181 were present in two copies. This finding further delineates the distal boundary of the critical region of CES, with ATP6E being the most distal duplicated locus identified. The phenotypically normal father and grandfather of the patient each had a small supernumerary ring chromosome and demonstrated three copies for the loci D22S9, D22S43, and ATP6E. Although three copies of this region have been reported in other cases with CES features, it is possible that the presence of four copies leads to greater susceptibility.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Multiple / genetics*
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 22*
  • DNA / analysis
  • DNA Probes
  • Eye Abnormalities / genetics*
  • Humans
  • In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
  • Karyotyping
  • Ring Chromosomes*
  • Syndrome


  • DNA Probes
  • DNA